What is a small claim?
A small claim is up to £10,000 in England and Wales. For personal injury and housing disrepair claims, the limit is £1,000.
‘Small claims’ are a procedure. There is no such thing as the ‘small claims court’. Small claims are handled by the county courts.
Most small claims involve debt recovery, poor workmanship, faulty goods or failure to supply goods.
How do you make a small claim?
To start a small claim, you fill in a claim form, in relation to which you are the Claimant. On the form you detail the particulars of your claim and explain why you think you are owed money.
The Defendant (the person you are making the Claim against) has 14 days to acknowledge the Claim form and if they do this, a further 14 days to accept your claim or file a defence. If they do not reply in time, they may have a default judgment issued against them from the Court.
It is advisable to gather strong evidence to support your claim. For example, receipts, invoices, estimates, photos of any damage caused, and a statement from someone else to support what has happened. For example, if you are claiming for substandard workmanship another professional may be able to provide written evidence.